The Fourth Amendment of the United States Constitution provides individuals in this country with specific rights and protections. These have to do with how police officers handle searches of a person’s property. There are very important limitations and requirements that apply when a search is conducted.
One of the most important things for people to remember is that police officers will usually need to have a warrant if they want to conduct a search. There are a few exclusions to this requirement.
When can police search without a warrant?
Police can only search without a warrant in very limited circumstances. This includes if a person gives them permission to search a specific area or if there’s evidence of a crime in clear view from a public area. For example, police could seize drugs that are plainly seen on the seat of a vehicle through the window. There are also times when a search warrant isn’t necessary because of an arrest.
What must be included in a warrant?
The search warrant must include basic information about where the authorities can search and what they’re searching for. The police officers who are doing the search must comply with the limitations placed on them by the search warrant.
Anyone who’s facing criminal charges must ensure they scrutinize the procedures used to collect evidence and other information. There are times when this can be an important part of the criminal defense strategy. It’s best to get to work quickly when you know you’re being charged with a crime so you have time to consider all the options.