The Miranda warnings have become well known over the past five decades. You might even be able to recite them after watching Law & Order, Blue Bloods, the Good Wife or another law-related sitcom. These warnings were designed to limit the number of false or coerced confessions.
But unfortunately they still happen. A coerced confession in the Brendan Dassey case provided the basis for the "Making a Murderer" series. Dassey was 16 with intellectual limitations when he confessed during police questioning. He was questioned without a parent or guardian four times before confessing. His conviction was recently overturned, but he still remains in custody while the case is appealed.
In a Northwestern University Law Review podcast, Professor Laura Nirider discusses common interrogations tactics and how they can lead to false confessions. About a quarter of DNA exonerations in some of the most serious rape and murder cases involve these types of coerced statements. The podcast focuses on police questioning of children. But the information is broadly informative.
It underscores the risks of answering questions about a crime without an attorney. Do not talk to police until you have had time to consult a criminal defense attorney.